British Pathé and the Reuters historical collection https://www.britishpathe.com/blog British Pathé and Reuters archives - newsreels, videos, films, footage, stills Tue, 19 May 2020 12:46:59 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.1.1 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/cropped-Untitled-32x32.png British Pathé and the Reuters historical collection https://www.britishpathe.com/blog 32 32 My Lai Massacre, Salt March begins and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/my-lai-massacre-salt-march-begins-and-more/ Mon, 09 Mar 2020 16:28:32 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14352 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickMy Lai Massacre
10 March marks the anniversary of Ernest Medina being charged by the US military with war crimes in 1970 for his role in the My Lai Massacre of 16 March 1968 during the Vietnam War. He was acquitted. These films document the court martial.
 
Archive PickSumner Welles’ European Tour
On 11 March, it will be 80 years since US Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles presented his unauthorised and unsuccessful peace plan to limit WW2. These newsreels document Sumner’s efforts.
 
 
Archive PickGandhi begins Salt March
90 years ago, on 12 March 1930, Mahatma Gandhi began a 24-day 200-mile march to the sea to protest the British monopoly on salt in India. His trek was covered by these contemporary newsreels.
 
 
Archive PickThe Winter War ends
On 12 March 1940, Finland signed the Moscow Peace Treaty, ending The Winter War and ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia to the USSR. This film collection chronicles The Winter War which saw the Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations.
 
Archive PickGrand Slam
75 years ago, the RAF’s first use of Barnes Wallis’ Grand Slam bomb, nicknamed Ten Ton Tess, took place against the Bielefeld viaduct in Germany on 14 March 1945. It was captured on film.
 
 
Archive PickGorbachev Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev became the first and only President of the Soviet Union on 15 March 1990, 30 years ago. Although 1990 is beyond British Pathé’s date range, we do have extensive coverage of the Soviet Union, the Cold War, and Gorbachev’s early career.
 
Archive PickAnti-Cuban Covert Action
17 March marks 60 years since President Dwight D. Eisenhower approved Operation 40, a covert anti-Cuban action program that would lead to the Bay of Pigs invasion. The events leading up to and resulting from this covert campaign are featured here.
 
Archive PickBrenner Pass
18 March is the 80th anniversary of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meeting at the Brenner Pass in the Alps to agree an alliance against France and Britain. The footage of the meeting can be viewed here.
 
 
Archive PickThe Lumière Brothers
It will be the 125th anniversary, on 19 March, of Auguste and Louis Lumière using their own patented camera. Pathé acquired the Lumières’ patents in 1907. The geniuses appear in some films here.
 
 
Archive PickThe Battle of Mandalay
On 20 March 1945, British troops liberated Mandalay from the Japanese as part of the Burma Campaign in WW2. The Allied advance to Mandalay is documented here.
 
 
Archive PickArab League
22 March marks 75 years since the Arab League was founded. The charter was adopted in Cairo, Egypt. Its meetings, membership, controversies, and peace-keeping efforts are charted here.
 
 
Archive PickLasers
On 22 March 1960, American physicists Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes received the first patent granted for a laser. These films look at early laser technology.
 
 

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Labour Party Founded, Cologne Captured and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/labour-party-founded-cologne-captured-and-more/ Wed, 26 Feb 2020 10:25:29 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14320 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 
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Archive PickBrexit
With the UK due to leave the European Union on 31 January, take a look back at the history of the European Union, and its forerunner, the European Economic Community (EEC), here.
 
 
Archive PickThe Burma Road
28 January marks the 75th Anniversary of supplies beginning to reach the Republic of China via the newly re-opened Burma Road. The Burma Road was a vital supply line in the theatre, and saw intense fighting during the Pacific Campaign.
 
Archive PickThe Development of the Hydrogen Bomb
31 January marks the 70 Years since U.S. President Harry Truman announced the development of the Hydrogen Bomb, or H-Bomb. The H-Bomb was smaller than the first atomic bombs, and had a greater destructive power. The first full-scale test was carried out by the U.S. in 1952.
 
Archive PickMandela to be Freed
2 February marks the 30th Anniversary of F. W. de Klerk, the President of South Africa, declaring that Nelson Mandela would be freed from imprisonment, and that the African National Congress would be unbanned.
 
 
Archive PickAmerican 8th Air Force Bombs Berlin
3 February marks 75 Years since Berlin was bombed by the American 8th Air Force. It was one of the few occasions on which the USAAF undertook a massive aerial attack on a city centre, hoping to destroy the German 6th Panzer Army which was being relocated to the Eastern Front.
 
 
Archive PickThe Battle of Manila
3 February also marks 75 Years since the beginning of the Battle of Manila, during World War Two. Lasting a month, the battle saw some of the worst urban fighting in the Pacific Theatre.
 
 
Archive PickKlaus Fuchs Arrested
3 February also marks 70 Years since the arrest of Klaus Fuchs, who was convicted of supplying information from the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union.
 
 
Archive PickThe Yalta Conference
4 Februray marks the 75th Anniversary of the beginning of the Yalta Conference. The eight-day conference was the second of three major wartime conferences held between the ‘Big Three’- the US, UK and USSR.
 
 
Archive PickThe Boy Scouts of America
8 February marks the 110th Anniversary of the incorporation of the Boy Scouts of America by William D. Boyce. Since then, over 110 million Americans have participated in Scout programmes at some point in their lives.
 
 
Archive PickOperation Veritable
8 February also marks the 75th Anniversary of the beginning of Operation Veritable, during World War Two. Lasting just over a month, it was the northern arm of an Allied pincer movement designed to capture the West bank of the Rhine.
 
Archive PickUS Weather Bureau
9 February marks the 150th Anniversary of U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signing a joint resolution of Congress to establish the US Weather Bureau. Renamed as the National Weather Service in 1970.
 
 
Archive PickJoseph McCarthy’s ‘Wheeling Speech’
9 February also marks 70 Years since Joseph McCarthy’s speech at Wheeling, West Virginia, in which he accused the US State Department as having been infiltrated by Communists.
 
 

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Bombing of Berlin, Yalta Conference and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/bombing-of-berlin-yalta-conference-and-more/ Tue, 28 Jan 2020 17:06:30 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14284 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 
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Archive PickBrexit
With the UK due to leave the European Union on 31 January, take a look back at the history of the European Union, and its forerunner, the European Economic Community (EEC), here.
 
 
Archive PickThe Burma Road
28 January marks the 75th Anniversary of supplies beginning to reach the Republic of China via the newly re-opened Burma Road. The Burma Road was a vital supply line in the theatre, and saw intense fighting during the Pacific Campaign.
 
Archive PickThe Development of the Hydrogen Bomb
31 January marks the 70 Years since U.S. President Harry Truman announced the development of the Hydrogen Bomb, or H-Bomb. The H-Bomb was smaller than the first atomic bombs, and had a greater destructive power. The first full-scale test was carried out by the U.S. in 1952.
 
Archive PickMandela to be Freed
2 February marks the 30th Anniversary of F. W. de Klerk, the President of South Africa, declaring that Nelson Mandela would be freed from imprisonment, and that the African National Congress would be unbanned.
 
 
Archive PickAmerican 8th Air Force Bombs Berlin
3 February marks 75 Years since Berlin was bombed by the American 8th Air Force. It was one of the few occasions on which the USAAF undertook a massive aerial attack on a city centre, hoping to destroy the German 6th Panzer Army which was being relocated to the Eastern Front.
 
 
Archive PickThe Battle of Manila
3 February also marks 75 Years since the beginning of the Battle of Manila, during World War Two. Lasting a month, the battle saw some of the worst urban fighting in the Pacific Theatre.
 
 
Archive PickKlaus Fuchs Arrested
3 February also marks 70 Years since the arrest of Klaus Fuchs, who was convicted of supplying information from the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union.
 
 
Archive PickThe Yalta Conference
4 Februray marks the 75th Anniversary of the beginning of the Yalta Conference. The eight-day conference was the second of three major wartime conferences held between the ‘Big Three’- the US, UK and USSR.
 
 
Archive PickThe Boy Scouts of America
8 February marks the 110th Anniversary of the incorporation of the Boy Scouts of America by William D. Boyce. Since then, over 110 million Americans have participated in Scout programmes at some point in their lives.
 
 
Archive PickOperation Veritable
8 February also marks the 75th Anniversary of the beginning of Operation Veritable, during World War Two. Lasting just over a month, it was the northern arm of an Allied pincer movement designed to capture the West bank of the Rhine.
 
Archive PickUS Weather Bureau
9 February marks the 150th Anniversary of U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signing a joint resolution of Congress to establish the US Weather Bureau. Renamed as the National Weather Service in 1970.
 
 
Archive PickJoseph McCarthy’s ‘Wheeling Speech’
9 February also marks 70 Years since Joseph McCarthy’s speech at Wheeling, West Virginia, in which he accused the US State Department as having been infiltrated by Communists.
 
 

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Battle of the Bulge, Canadian Caper and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/battle-of-the-bulge-canadian-caper-and-more/ Tue, 14 Jan 2020 17:29:51 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14254 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 
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Archive PickThe Taal Volcano
With the Taal Volcano, the second most active volcano in the Philippines, beginning to spew lava, authorities fear a ‘hazardous eruption’ is possible soon. The volcano has 34 recorded historical eruptions, some of which can be seen in our archive here.
 
Archive PickBrexit
With the UK due to leave the European Union on 31 January, take a look back at the history of the European Union, and its forerunner, the European Economic Community (EEC), here. British Pathé also has footage relating to the previous EU Referendum, in 1975.
 
Archive Pick‘1917’ Released
Sam Mendes’s new film, ‘1917’, was released in UK cinemas on 10 January. Telling the story of two soldiers hurrying to deliver a message on the Western Front during World War One (1914-1918), you can look back at the real events of the conflict here.
 
Archive PickThe First MiG-17 Prototype Flight
14 January marks the 70th Anniversary of the maiden flight of the first MiG-17 prototype. A more advanced version of the
Cold War’s iconic MiG-15, the aircraft was effective in threatening more modern supersonic American fighters during Vietnam.
 
Archive PickThe First Assembly of the League of Nations
16 January marks the 100th Anniversary of the first assembly of the Council of the League of Nations. It was ultimately incapable of preventing aggression by the Axis powers in the 1930s.
 
 
Archive PickFDR Sworn in for Historic Fourth term as US President
20 January marks the 75th Anniversary of Franklin D. Roosevelt being sworn in for a historic fourth term as US President. No other President has served for as many terms, and now cannot due to the 22nd Amendment.
 
 
Archive PickAlger Hiss Convicted of Perjury
21 January marks the 70th Anniversary of Alger Hiss being convicted of perjury, following his trial over allegations that he had spied for the Soviet Union in 1948. He received two concurrent five-year sentences, of which he eventually served three and a half years.
 
Archive PickFirst Commercial Service of the Boeing 747
22 January marks the 50th Anniversary of the establishment of the first commercial service of the Boeing 747 aircraft, with its maiden flight from John F. Kennedy Airport to London Heathrow Airport. The ‘Jumbo Jet’ held the passenger capacity record for 37 years.
 
Archive PickThe Battle of the Bulge Ends
25 January marks 75 Years since the end of the Battle of the Bulge, the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during WW2.
 
 
 
Archive PickRepublic Day in India
26 January marks the 70th Anniversary of the Indian Constitution coming into effect, making the country an independent republic, rather than a British Dominion. These films look back at the first Republic Day, which is celebrated annually in the country.
 
 
Archive PickHolocaust Memorial Day
27 January is Holocaust Memorial Day, commemorated annually to remember the victims of the Holocaust. This year marks 75 Years since the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau by Russian forces.
 
 
Archive PickArgo
27 January also marks 40 Years since six American diplomats escaped from Iran in the culmination of the ‘Canadian Caper’ as featured in the film ‘Argo’.
 
 

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Rationing, Aswan Dam, National Trust Founded and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/rationing-aswan-dam-national-trust-founded-and-more/ Tue, 31 Dec 2019 11:08:18 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14229 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 
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Archive PickEdison Demonstrates the Incandescent Light
31 December marks the 140th Anniversary of Thomas Edison’s first public demonstration of the incandescent light at Menlo Park, New Jersey. These films look back at his life.
 
 
Archive PickJ. Edgar Hoover Born
1 January marks 125 Years since J. Edgar Hoover was born. Serving as the 1st Director of the FBI, he built the institution into a larger crime-fighting agency and instituted a number of modernisations to police technology, such as centralized fingerprint records and forensics laboratories.
 
Archive PickChester W. Nimitz Takes Command
3 January marks the 75th Anniversary of Chester W. Nimitz being placed in command of all US Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima and Okinawa in Japan, during WW2.
 
 
Archive PickThe New York Yankees Purchase Babe Ruth
5 January marks the 100th Anniversary of the New York Yankees purchasing Babe Ruth. Take a look back at the ‘Sultan of Swat’ and his career in these archive films.
 
 
Archive PickBernard Montgomery’s Press Conference
7 January marks the 75th Anniversary of a press conference in which British General Bernard Montgomery claimed credit for Allied victory during the Battle of the Bulge, during WW2. He vastly overstated the role of British forces.
 
 
Archive PickThe First State of the Union Address
8 January marks the 230th Anniversary of George Washington’s State of the Union address, the first of its type to take place. These films look back at addresses from across history.
 
 
Archive PickFood Rationing Introduced in Britain
8 January also marks the 80th Anniversary of the introduction of food rationing in Britain, during WW2. Given Britain’s post-war balance of payments crisis, rationing did not end until 4 July 1954!
 
 
Archive PickConstuction of the Aswan Dam Begins
9 January marks the 60th Anniversary of the Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser opening construction on the Aswan Dam, when he detonated dynamite which removed 20 tons of granite, breaking ground on the site. The dam was completed, barring the Nile, on 21 July 1970.
 
Archive PickThe Treaty of Versailles Takes Effect
10 January marks the 100th Anniversary of the Treaty of Versailles coming into effect, ending WW1. These films look back at the Treaty, which had been signed on 28 June 1919.
 
 
Archive PickThe National Trust is Founded
12 January marks the 125th Anniversary of the founding of the National Trust in the UK. The trust preserves and cares for over 500 properties, though you can see and enjoy a small sample of them within our archive here.
 
 

To license any films or still images, email us or call +44 20 7665 8340.
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]]>
Dad’s Army, Battle of the River Plate and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/dads-army-battle-of-the-river-plate-and-more/ Tue, 03 Dec 2019 13:48:41 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14207 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickBritish Royal Family
With the British Royal Family in the media spotlight, British Pathé remains the home of royal footage, with Collections covering the Queen, Prince Philip, Prince Charles, and other members of the royal family across the years 1896-1984.
 
 
Archive PickNATO Annual Summit
With NATO holding its annual summit on 3 & 4 December, where the organisation’s 70th birthday from earlier this year (4 April) will be celebrated, take a look back at these films showing its formation. NATO originally had 12 member states, though has since expanded to include 29.
 
 
Archive PickDad’s Army
3 December marks the 75th Anniversary of the British Home Guard being formally stood down. It had been composed of 1.5 million local volunteers who had been ineligible for military service, designed to act as a secondary defence force in case of invasion by Nazi Germany.
 
 
Archive PickHMS Nelson Strikes a Mine
4 December marks 80 Years since HMS Nelson struck a German mine at the entrance of Loch Ewe in Scotland, during WW2. The sister ship to HMS Rodney, HMS Nelson was one of two British battleships to carry 16-inch naval guns, all carried forward of the bridge, given limitations surrounding warship construction in the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty.
 
Archive PickThe Wal Wal Incident
5 December marks the 85th Anniversary of the Wal Wal Incident, a border skirmish between Italian and Ethiopian troops which precipitated the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. The resulting international crisis, the Abyssinia Crisis, caused Italy to quit the League of Nations, discrediting it and moving Fascist Italy closer to an alliance with Nazi Germany. These films look back at the crisis.
 
Archive PickThe 21st Amendment
On 5 December 1933, the 21st Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified in the United States. It repealed the 18th Amendment, which had enacted the Prohibition of alcohol. Prohibition had been in effect for approximately 13 years. These films look back at the Prohibition era.
 
 
Archive PickThe Attack on Pearl Harbor
On 7 December 1941, Japanese forces attacked the US Naval base at Pearl Harbor. It prompted America to declare war against Japan, and enter WW2 on 8 December 1941. These films look back at the attack, its aftermath, and America’s entry into the war.
 
 
Archive PickSmallpox Eradicated
9 December marks the 40th Anniversary of smallpox being declared eradicated. Edward Jenner had discovered in 1798 that vaccination could prevent the disease, and in 1967, the World Health Organisation intensified efforts to eliminate it. These films look back at the worldwide inoculation campaign.
 
 
Archive PickZimbabwe-Rhodesia Reverts to British Control
12 December marks the 40th Anniversary of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia reverting to British control. Following the Lancaster House Agreement on 21 December 1979, Christopher Soames was its Governor-General, overseeing an interim government until the country would achieve independence on 18 April 1980.
 
 
Archive PickThe Battle of the River Plate
13 December marks the 80th Anniversary of the Battle of the River Plate, the first naval battle of WW2. Three British cruisers, HMS Exeter, Ajax and Achillies, found and engaged the German heavy cruiser Admiral Graf Spee off the coast of Uruguay.
 
 
Archive PickThe USSR Expelled From the League of Nations
14 December marks 80 Years since the USSR were expelled from the League of Nations, following the invasion of Finland during the Russo-Finnish War, or ‘Winter War’ during WW2. These films look back at the conflict, in which soldiers fought in temperatures as low as −43°C.
 
 
Archive PickThe Battle of the Bulge
16 December marks 75 Years since the beginning of the Battle of the Bulge, the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during WW2. It was launched through the densely forested Ardennes region, with German forces intending to encircle and destroy four Allied armies. Though the offensive was a complete surprise attack, it was unsuccessful.
 
 

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Armistice Day, Apollo 12, Suez Canal and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/armistice-day-apollo-12-suez-canal-and-more/ Tue, 05 Nov 2019 14:39:03 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14167 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickMidway
With the release of the film Midway on 8 November, take a look back at the real events in our archive here. Between the 4 June and 7 June 1942, the U.S. and Japanese navies fought in what historian Craig Symonds called ‘one of the most consequential naval engagements in world history’, during WW2.
 
 
Archive PickPlutonium First Produced
6 November marks the 75th Anniversary of Plutonium being produced for the first time at Hanford Nuclear Reservation in the USA. The radioactive element was used less than a year later in the Fat Man atomic bomb, which was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, during WW2. These films look behind the scenes at the site.
 
Archive PickFranklin D. Roosevelt Secures an Unprecedented Fourth Term
7 November marks the 75th Anniversary of Franklin D. Roosevelt being elected as President of the United States for an unprecedented fourth term. No other President has been elected for as many terms since, given the passage of the 22nd Amendment. These films look back on the 1944 election.
 
 
Archive PickThe Fall of the Berlin Wall
9 November marks the 30th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall. The wall had stood for 28 years, dividing the Soviet and Western occupied sectors of Berlin. The fall of the wall paved the way for German Reunification on 3 October 1990. These films look back at the construction, history and fall of the barrier which divided Germany’s capital.
 
Archive PickArmistice Day
On 11 November 1918, the Armistice was signed at Compiègne in France, ending WW1. Armistice Day has been commemorated on the same day in many countries since, with respects and tributes being paid to the fallen.
 
 
 
Archive PickThe Tirpitz is Sunk
12 November marks the 75th Anniversary of the sinking of the German Battleship Tirpitz. The sister ship to the infamous Bismarck, the Tirpitz was the heaviest battleship ever built by a European Navy. These dramatic films show the Allied attack on the ship, and its sinking.
 
 
Archive PickThe My Lai Story Breaks
12 November also marks the 50th Anniversary of journalist Seymour Hersh breaking the story of the My Lai Massacre, during the Vietnam War. Hersh had held extensive interviews with Lieutenant William Calley Jr., who would later be convicted for the massacre, where between 347 and 504 unarmed Vietnamese civilians were killed by the U.S. army on 16 March 1968.
 
Archive PickThe Iranian Hostage Crisis Deepens
In response to the hostage crisis which had developed at the American Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979, on 12 November 1979 President Jimmy Carter ordered the halt of all petroleum imports from Iran. On 14 November 1979, Executive Order 12170 was issued, freezing all Iranian assets in the USA.
 
Archive PickApollo 12
14 November marks the 50th Anniversary of the launch of Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the surface of the Moon. These films look back at the mission and its crew- the astronauts Charles ‘Pete’ Conrad, Alan L. Bean and Richard F. Gordon.
 
 
Archive PickGandhi’s Assassins Executed
15 November marks the 70th Anniversary of the execution of Mahatma Gandhi’s assassins, Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte. Gandhi had been assassinated on 30 January 1948, when Godse shot him three times in the chest, with a gun purchased by Apte. These films look back at their trial and Gandhi’s funeral.
 
 
Archive PickCornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial is Laid
15 November also marks the 80th Anniversary of the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial being laid in Washington D.C. by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. These films look back the ceremony and the iconic landmark, dedicated to the Third President of the U.S. and the principal author of the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
 
Archive PickThe Suez Canal Opens
17 November marks the 150th Anniversary of the opening of the Suez Canal. It connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, allowing for a more direct shipping route between the North Atlantic and northern Indian oceans, avoiding the Cape of Good Hope. These earlier films examine the canal.
 
 

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Wall St Crash, Suez Crisis and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/wall-st-crash-suez-crisis-and-more/ Wed, 23 Oct 2019 11:06:07 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14144 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickFrancisco Franco’s Remains
The remains of the former Spanish Dictator will be removed from the Valley of the Fallen monument and reinterred with those of his widow in the family mausoleum in Madrid.
 
 
Archive PickThe Second Battle of El Alamein
On 23 October 1941, the Second Battle of El Alamein began. Resulting in an Allied victory, the battle was a turning point in the Desert Campaign, eliminating the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields. It greatly revived Allied morale.
 
Archive PickThe Hungarian Revolution
On 23 October 1956, a nationwide revolution against the Communist Hungarian People’s Republic began. It was the first major challenge to Soviet control to occur within the Eastern Bloc. Soviet forces invaded the country on 4 November, ending the revolution by 10 November.
 
Archive PickUnited Nations Day
On 24 October, United Nations Day is celebrated. It has been celebrated on this day since 1948, commemorating the UN Charter becoming enforced on the same day in 1945. These films look back at the early history of the UN, and its headquarters in New York, USA.
 
Archive PickThe Wall Street Crash
24 October also marks the 90th Anniversary of the beginning of the Wall Street Crash. It was the most devastating stock market crash in American history, and signalled the beginning of the worldwide economic Great Depression. It would take until November 23, 1954, for the market to recover to its pre-crash levels.
 
Archive PickThe New York Subway
On 27 October 1904, the first underground New York Subway line was opened. The Subway is the busiest rapid transit rail system in the Western Hemisphere and the Western World, delivering over 1.72 billion rides in 2017. Take a look back at its history here.
 
Archive PickProhibition In America
28 October marks the 100th Anniversary of the Volstead Act becoming law, enforcing the 18th Amendment, which banned the production, importation, transport and sale of alcoholic drinks in America. Prohibition in America lasted until the 21st Amendment was passed on 5 December 1933.
 
Archive PickThe March on Rome
On 28 October 1922, Benito Mussolini and 30,000 Italian Blackshirts staged a march on Rome, demanding rule in Italy. The next day, Mussolini was invited to form a government, and was sworn in as President of Italy on 31 October 1922.
 
 
Archive PickThe Suez Crisis
On 29 October 1956, Israeli forces invaded Egypt, beginning the Suez Crisis. Britain deployed paratroopers on 5 November, however it emerged that the invasion had been pre-planned so that Britain could retake the canal, which Egypt had nationalised.
 
Archive PickThe M1 Motorway Opens
2 November marks the 60th Anniversary of the opening of the first section of the M1 Motorway in the UK. It was the first inter-urban motorway to be completed in the country. Take a look back at its opening with this archive collection.
 
 
Archive PickThe ‘Cash & Carry’ Bill Signed
4 November marks the 80th Anniversary of the signing of the ‘Cash & Carry’ bill in the USA. The bill preserved the neutrality of the USA during World War Two, though allowed belligerents to purchase military goods from them, provided they paid immediately in cash and transported them via their own ships.
 
Archive PickThe Iranian Hostage Crisis
4 November also marks the 40th Anniversary of the beginning of the Iranian Hostage Crisis. 52 American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for 444 days, after a group of Iranian college students belonging to the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam’s Line, a group which supported the Iranian Revolution, took over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
 
 

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Second Boer War, HMS Royal Oak Sunk and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/14117-2/ Tue, 08 Oct 2019 12:34:59 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14117 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickStephenson’s ‘Rocket’ Wins at the Rainhill Trials
8 October marks the 190th Anniversary of George Stephenson’s locomotive ‘Rocket’ winning at the Rainhill Trials.
 
 
 
Archive PickThe Second Boer War
11 October marks the 120th Anniversary of the outbreak of the Second Boer War. These remarkable early films capture the conflict, alongside others which look to later remembrance events and ceremonies.
 
 
Archive PickThe Brighton Hotel Bombing
12 October marks the 35th Anniversary of the Brighton Hotel Bombing, an attempt by the IRA to kill Margaret Thatcher. Though she narrowly escaped the blast, five people were killed. These films look back at the attack and its aftermath.
 
Archive PickHMS Royal Oak is Sunk
14 October marks the 80th Anniversary of the sinking of the HMS Royal Oak, during World War Two. Its loss had a negative impact on British morale, as the German Navy was seen as capable of bringing the war to British home waters, where its ports had been considered safe.
 
Archive PickVietnam Moratorium Day
15 October marks the 50th Anniversary of the Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam, or Vietnam Moratorium Day, a massive demonstration and teach-in held to protest against the Vietnam War. A second protest occurred on 15 November, 1969.
 
Archive PickThe First Luftwaffe Raid on Britain
16 October marks the 80th Anniversary of the first Luftwaffe raid on Britain, during World War Two. RAF Squadron 603 was scrambled to intercept, becoming the first to pilot Spitfires against a German air raid, and shooting down a bomber in the Firth of Forth.
 
Archive PickMother Teresa is Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
17 October marks the 40th Anniversary of Mother Teresa being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for her work directed towards ending human suffering. These films look back at her receipt of the award and her life.
 
 
Archive PickThe British Broadcasting Company (BBC) is Founded
On 18 October 1922, the British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) – the BBC – was founded by a consortium. These films look back at BBC Television Centre across the last century.
 
 
Archive PickUS Forces Land in the Philippines
20 October marks the 75th Anniversary of US Forces landing on the island of Leyte in the Philippines, beginning the Philippines Campaign during World War Two. The US successfully defeated and expelled the Japanese Army from the islands, who had occupied them during the first half of 1942.
 
Archive PickAachen Falls to the Allies
21 October marks the 75th Anniversary of the German city of Aachen falling to Allied forces, during World War Two. It was the first city on German soil to be captured by the Allies. Take a look back at the battle for the city here.
 
 
Archive PickEdison Applies for a Patent for the Light Bulb
21 October also marks the 140th Anniversary of Thomas Edison applying for a patent for his design of an incandescent light bulb. This collection looks back at his life, and includes some of the earliest content in our archive!
 
 

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Poland Surrenders, The Munich Agreement and more https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/poland-surrenders-the-munich-agreement-and-more/ Tue, 24 Sep 2019 09:15:18 +0000 https://www.britishpathe.com/blog/?p=14095 Read More]]> Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickOperation Market Garden Ends
25 September marks the 75th Anniversary of the end of Operation Market Garden during WW2. Allied forces planned to utilize airborne forces to capture a series of nine bridges in the Netherlands, which would have created a foothold across the river Rhine, however the operation ended in failure.
 
Archive PickPoland Surrenders
27 September marks the 80th Anniversary of the surrender of Poland during WW2. The Polish government went into exile in France, and the Polish armed forces were reconstituted and continued to fight alongside the Western Allies for the remainder of the war. These films look back at the Invasion of Poland.
 
Archive PickThe Report of the Warren Commission Released
27 September also marks the 55th Anniversary of the release of the report by the Warren Commission, the official inquiry into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. It concluded that gunman Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone.
 
Archive PickThe First Patrols of the Metropolitan Police
29 September marks the 190th Anniversary of the first patrols by the Metropolitan Police in London. These films look back at Police recruitment, training and patrols in the UK across the 20th century.
 
 
Archive PickThe Berlin Airlift Ends
30 September marks the 70th Anniversary of the end of the Berlin Airlift. Between 26 June 1948 and 30 September 1949, up to 12,941 tons of supplies were flown into the city per day, to counteract a blockade by the USSR.
 
 
Archive PickThe Munich Agreement
On 30 September 1938, Nazi Germany and Britain signed the Munich Agreement. Stating that it was ‘peace for our time’, Neville Chamberlain and the British government hoped that accepting the German annexation of the Sudetenland would prevent war.
 
Archive PickThe Tōkaidō Shinkansen
1 October marks the 55th Anniversary of the opening of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, the first Japanese ‘bullet train’ service. It ran between Tokyo and Osaka, reducing the journey time between the two cities from 6 hours and 40 minutes to 4 hours, given its running speed of 130 mph.
 
Archive PickConcorde Breaks the Sound Barrier
1 October also marks the 50th Anniversary of Concorde breaking the sound barrier. The aircraft had a top speed of Mach 2.04 (1,354 mph), and is one of only two supersonic transports to have been operated commercially- the other being the Tupolev Tu-144.
 
Archive PickChina National Day
1 October also marks the 70th National Day in China. The public holiday is held every year, and commemorates the formation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. These films look back at celebrations in years past.
 
 
Archive PickOperation Hurricane
On 3 October 1952, the first UK atomic device was successfully tested during Operation Hurricane. Britain became the third power to possess the technology behind ‘the bomb’ after America and the Soviet Union.
 
 
Archive PickPope John Paul II Visits the White House
6 October marks the 40th Anniversary of Pope John Paul II becoming the first Pontiff to visit the White House, during his tour of America. These films look back at his American tour in 1969.
 
 

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